Animals used for Entertainment

Animals used for Research

Animals are commonly used for scientific experiments to test the safety and efficacy of new drugs, vaccines, pesticides etc. Animal research has helped advance science, but it also raises ethical, social, and environmental concerns. Some of the main issues with animal research are:

  • Animal suffering: Many animals experience pain, distress & mutilation during experiments, and may be killed afterwards, often inhumanely. Animal welfare laws and regulations vary widely across countries and regions and may not adequately protect animals.
  • Human relevance: Animals are biologically different from humans in significant ways, such as anatomy, physiology, genetics, metabolism, and immune system. This limits the efficacy & validity of animal data to human health outcomes.
  • Cost and efficiency: Animal research is often expensive, time-consuming, and resource intensive. It also generates a large amount of waste and greenhouse gas emissions. Animal research may also delay or hinder the development of more innovative and effective methods that do not rely on animals.

Advantages of non-animal models: Human relevance | Ethical acceptability |Cost, efficiency and speed

Examples of non-animal models: In vitro methods | Organ-on-a-chip methods | Body-on-chip methods |Computational methods |Stem cell methods |Clinical methods

Methods available to change the ecosystem

  • Lobbying and advocacy: advocate for laws and regulations that promote the development and adoption of non-animal methods.
  • Education and awareness: Educate and raise awareness among policymakers, researchers, regulators, consumers, and the public about the ethical, scientific, and economic benefits of non-animal methods.
  • Collaboration and partnership: Animal advocacy groups and Pharma Industry can collaborate and partner with each and with other stakeholders to develop, validate and promote non-animal methods.

Positive Tailwinds

Collaboration with the pharma industry is feasible as their commercial interests also are aligned to promoting non-animal methods, since taking the animals out of drug testing will likely reduce the time and cost of drug development.

Besides the above, regulators across the world are modifying regulations to allow use of non-animal models. The recently passed FDA Modernisation Act includes provisions that encourage the development and use of alternative testing methods, including the use of in-vitro and computer-based models. Similarly, the EU Revised Guidelines on animal testing include recommendations for reducing and replacing animal testing in drug development. The guidelines require pharmaceutical companies to use non-animal testing methods whenever possible, and to provide scientific justification for any animal testing that is conducted. In India, the Ministry of Health recently amended the Clinical Trial rules to allow non-animal methods.


However, the road to change is a very long one, with multiple challenges – regulators are extremely wary of change; new technologies take time to scale up and become available at affordable price points for the industry to adopt, amongst others.

Our Interventions

Building a coalition of industry players to support the agenda to accelerate the transition – Dr Reddy’s is on board and a few large pharma players are being approached. BMGF has been contacted to become a stakeholder as they support this agenda in the US.

Advocacy with the government through the pharma industry to change the regulations. Representations have been made to include NAM in the PRIP scheme.

Supporting CPHMS (Centre for Predictive human modelling systems), a think-tank under the aegis of CSIR by raising funds to help them raise awareness amongst the scientific community.

Is there a need for this industry?

A wide variety of reasoning has been used to preserve each area of animal use in entertainment ranging from their importance in educating the masses and conservation to building human-animal bonds. Animals, on the other hand, are deprived of their ability to engage in their instinctual behaviours, exhibit abnormal as a result of this deprivation, and have shown to turn hostile in some many situations.

In the Indian Context

Animals and their symbolism are deep rooted in many cultures in India. While many of these have enabled wildlife conservation, others have been detrimental to the wellbeing of the animal while convincing people otherwise. Cock-fighting and bull racing have taken on various forms in different states of the country. The animals are starved, poked and prodded, and pitted against each other or made to race. The animals suffer terrible injuries and even end up killing each other or dying in the process. Horse-drawn carriages in cities for the entertainment of tourists have been a major concern as the horses are mostly starved and made to run or walk for hours without a break. Horses used at weddings have to endure long hours of standing and exposure to loud music and firecrackers which has known to cause them severe distress. Elephants and camels used at forts and other locations for joyrides have shown to suffer severe illnesses and made to work through it all. Aquariums and zoos that hold and display animals keep them enclosed in small spaces and devoid them of their basic needs.

Way Forward

Section 22 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, prohibits the exhibition or training of animals which has ensured most of the animal acts in circuses to be curbed. Cockfighting has been banned in India since the enactment of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, however there are prevalent issues around the enforcement of the ban. Ensuring that more of such pro-animal laws are in place could work towards reducing and hopefully eliminating the use of animals for entertainment. Education through interaction with animals in sanctuaries could be encouraged. Conservation though wildlife tourism could ensure that animals are restricted to their habitat with minimal contact with humans. Building awareness plays a huge role in changing the public perception of animals.


With its strategic associations with various NGOs
doing good work at ground zero, India Animal Fund is changing
the speed and scale of their work. We engage with
these NGOs to identify the most efficient means of execution,
build economies of scale; all backed by
a strong sense of integrity, transparency and measurability.

Read on and find the project that resonates with you.
[projects_slider_single_cause id=’8376′]


Our Donor Partners

Join the cause

Each day we are partnering with NGO’s who are amplifying our efforts. We cannot be more thrilled about this.

Register your NGO with us and lend us your eyes, ears and mind to securing the future of animal life on earth.